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Notes on C28


CSC C60 page M@C28 smallest
stable fullerene
Tiny buckyball grown
around metal atom
Chemistry World
The wonderful world
of beaded fullerenes

(Title, authors, journal, year, volume, page)

1. The stability of the fullerenes Cn, with n = 24, 28, 32, 36, 50, 60 and 70. H. W. Kroto, Nature, 1987, 329, p.529.

2. NMR and ESR predictions for the tetravalent C28 fullerene. K. Balasubramanian, Chem. Phys. Letts., 1992, 197, p.55
3. Are endohedral metal (IV) C28 compounds hypervalent ?, O. D. Haberlen, N. Rosch, B. I. Dunlap, Chem. Phys. Letts., 1992, 200, p.418
4. Uranium stabilization of C28: a tetravalent fullerene, T. Guo; M. D. Diener; Y. Chai; M. J. Alford; R. E. Haufler; S. M. McClure; T. Ohno; J. H. Weaver; G. E. Scuseria; R. E. Smalley, Science 1992, 257, p.1661

5. Matching polynomials of fullerene clusters, K. Balasubramanian, Chem. Phys. Letts., 1993, 201 p.306
6. A selective isomer growth of fullerenes, T. Wakabayashi, H. Shiromaru, K. Kikuchi, Y. Achiba, Chem. Phys. Lettsa., 1993, 201, p.470. 7. Electronic properties of C28 and Hf@C28 clusters, Z. i, B. Gu, R. Han, Chem. Phys. etts, 1993, 207, p.41.
8. Enumeration of isomers of substituted fullerene cages C20-C50, K. Balasubramanian, Chem. Phys. Letts., 1993, 202 p.399
9. Stable derivatives of small fullerenes, D. R. M. Walton & H. W. Kroto, Chem. Phys. Letts., 1993, 214, p.353

10. Topological resonance energy predictions of the stability of fullerene clusters, M. Manoharen, M. M. Balakrishnarajan, Chem. Phys. Letts., 1994, 222, p.85.
11. Laplacian ploynomials of fullerenes C20 to C40, K. Balasubramanian, Chem. Phys. Letts., 1994, 224, p.325
12. Theoretical study of passivated small fullerenes, E. Kaxiras, K. Jackson, M. R. Pederson, Chem. Phys. Letts., 1994, 225, p.448
13. Electronic properties of a cluster based solid form of carbon: C28 hyperdiamond, E. Kaxiras, . M. Zeger, A. Antonelli, Yu. Juan, Physical Revire B, 1994, 49, p. 49.
14. Stability of fullerenes with four-membered rings, D. Babi, N. Trinajsti, Phys. Letts., 1995, 237, p.239
15. Hollow diamonds: stability and elastic properties, G. Benedek, E. Galvani, S. Sanguinetti, S. Serra, Chem. Phys. Letts. 1995, 244, p.339

16. Theoretical study of cubic structures based on fullerene carbon clusters: C28C and (C28)2, L. M. Zeger, Yu Juan, E. Kaxiras, Physical Revire B, 1995, 52, p. 52.
17. Ab Initio Calculations of Fullerenes, G. E. Scuseria, Science, 1996, 271, p.942
18. C28 the smallest stable fullerene? Jan M.L. Martin, Chem. Phys. Letts., 1996, 255, p.1
19. On the structure and vibrational frequencies of C24, J. M.L. Martin, J. E1-Yazal, J. Franqois, Chem. Phys. Letts., 1996, 255, p.7
20. The valence of small fullerenes, C. Milani, C. Giambelli, H.E. Roman, F. Alasia, G. Benedek, R.A. Broglia, S. Sanguinetti, K. Yabana, Chem. Phys. Letts., 1996, 258, p.554
21. Evolution of the plasmon spectrum of C28Hn with the passivation of dangling bonds, C. Milani, C. Giambelli, F. Alasia, R.A. Broglia, G. Colb, H.E. Roman, Chem. Phys. Letts. 1996, 258, p.559

22. Electronic and structural properties of molecular C36, J C. Grossman, M. Cote, S. G. Louie, M. Cohen, Chem. Phys. Letts., 1998, 284, p.344
23. Disordered and ordered C28 solids, J. Kim, G. Galli, J. W. Wilkins, A. Canning, J Chem. Phys., 1998, 108, p. 2631.

24. Some new structures of C28, S. Portmann, J. M. Galbraith, H. F. Schaefer, G. E. Scuseria, Chem. Phys. Letts., 1999, 301, p.98
25. Growth mechanism of C28 (Td) fullerene: energetics and transition-state structures analysis, R. K. Mishra, Y. Lin, S. Lee, Chem. Phys. Letts., 1999, 313, p.437
26. Vibrational spectra of tetrahedral fullerenes, W. Cheng, Q. Li, A. Tang, Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy, 1999, 193, p.1

27. C28: a possible room temperature organic superconductor, N. Breda, R. A. Broglia, G. Colo, G. Onida, D. Provasi, Physical Revire B, 2000, 62, p.62.

28. C28 (D2): Fullerene Growth Mechanism, R. K. Mishra , Y. Lin, S. Lee, International Journal of Quantum Chemistry, 2001,84, p.648
29. Electronic structure and chemical stabalisation of C28 fullerene, Y. Makurin, A Sofronov, A. I. Gusev, A. L. Ivanovsky, Chem. Phys. Letts., 2001, 270, p.293

30. Geometry optimization of Cn (n=2-30) with genetic algorithm, C. Zhang, X. Xu, H. Wu, Q. Zhang, Chem. Phys. Letts., 2002, 213, p.293

31. The first stacking-step in the kinetic-ring stacking mechanism of small fullerene growth, W. Lin, S. Lee, Chem. Phys. Letts., 2004, 393, p.222
32. Modelling of the structure and electronic structure of condensed phases of small fullerenes C28 and Zn@C28, A. N. Enyashin, V. V. Ivanovskaya, Y. N. Makurin, A. L. Ivanovskii, Physics of the solid state, 2004, 46, p.1063
33. Electron-phonon interactions in C28-derived molecular solida, N. A. Romero, J. Kim, R. M. Martin, Physical Revire B, 2004, 70, p.70.

34. Hyperdiamond and hyperlonsdaleit: Possible crystalline phases of fullerene C28, G. Seifert, A. N. Enyashin, and T. Heine, PHYSICAL REVIEW B 72, 012102, 2005
35. Three-Dimensional Polymerized Cubic Phase of Fullerenes, A. P. Popov, I. V. Bazhin, Hydrogen Materials Science and Chemistry of Carbon Nanomaterials NATO Science Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry Volume 172, 2005, pp 329-332.
36. Performance of the DFTB method in comparison to DFT and semiempirical methods for geometries and energies of C20 - C86 fullerene isomers, G. Zheng, S. Irle, K. Morokuma, Chemical Physics Letters 2005, 412, p.210

37. Independence number and fullerene stability, P.W. Fowler, S. Daugherty, W. Myrvold, Chemical Physics Letters 2007, 448, p.75

38. Computer design of novel diamond-like crystals of fullerenes C28 and C40: Stability, crystal structure, and elastic and electronic properties, A. Enyashin, V Bekenev, L Ovsyannikova, Yu Rogovoi, A Pokropivny, V Pokropivny and Ivanovskii , A. L., 2008 ??
39. Hyperdiamonds, A. L. Ivanovskii, Russian Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, 2005, 53, p. 1274

40. Structural, electronic and elastic properties of ultra-light diamond-like crystalline allotropes of carbon-functionalized fullerenes C28, A. N. Enyashin, A. L. Ivanovskii, Chemical Physics Letters 2009, 473, p.108
41. General geometrical rule for stability of carbon polyhedra, L. Gan, J. Liu, Q. Hui, S. Shao, Z. Liu, Chemical Physics Letters 2009, 472, p.224

42. Transport spin polarization of magnetic C28 molecular junctions, K. Xu, J. Huang, Z. Guan, Q. Li, J. Yang, Chemical Physics Letters 2012, 535, p.111
43. The Smallest Stable Fullerene, M@C28 (M=Ti, Zr, U): Stabilization and Growth From Carbon Vapor, Dunk, P. W.; Kaiser, N. K.; Mulet-Gas, M.; Rodrigues-Fortea, A.; Poblet, J. M.; Shinohara, H.; Hendrickson, C. L.; Marshall, A. G.; Kroto, H. W. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2012, 134, 9380-9389.


Dr Jonathan Hare, The University of Sussex
Brighton, East Sussex. BN1 9QJ

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